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Alloy Steel Pipes

Alloy Steel Pipes
January 20, 2024
Materials of alloy steel pipes 
Alloy steel pipes have good hardness, which are widely used for pipelines for transporting oil, natural gas, gas, water and certain solid materials. The common alloys are ferroalloys, ferro-chromium alloys, iron-nickel alloys, aluminum alloys(light weights) and copper alloys(good thermal conductivity). The main materials include 16-50Mn, 27SiMn, 20-40Cr, 12-42CrMo, 16Mn, 12Cr1MoV, T91, 27SiMn, 30CrMo, 15CrMo, 20G, Cr9Mo, 10CrMo910, etc. Alloy steel pipes made from 16Mn belong to low alloy steel pipes.
Applications of alloy steel pipes
Alloy steel pipes are mainly used for high-pressure and high temperature pipelines and equipment such as power plants, nuclear power, high-pressure boilers, high temperature superheaters and reheaters.
Three expressions of alloy steel pipe specifications
1. The first one is the outer diameter plus wall thickness. For example, an alloy steel pipe with an outer diameter of 57mm can be indicated by 57x3.
2. The second one is using the inner diameter, that is, the nominal inner diameter. For example, an alloy steel pipe with an outer diameter of 57mm is indicated by DN50.
3. The third one is the inch. For example, an alloy steel pipe with an outer diameter of 57mm can be indicated by 2 inches (1 inch equals to 25.4mm.)
Specific welding steps of alloy steel pipes
Welding processes of alloy steel pipes are heating before welding, quenching and tempering after welding.
Before welding the alloy steel pipe, it should be heated, and weld it after the temperature is controlled for 30 minutes. The heating and virtual beam temperature tempering of welding are actively operated by the temperature control cabinet for temperature adjustment. Adopt far infrared tracking heat treatment furnace plates. Intelligently and actively set the graph and record the graph, and use the thermal resistance to accurately measure the temperature. The thermal resistance measuring point is from 15mm to 20mm away from the edge of the weld during heating.
Welding methods
1. In order to prevent welding deformation of the alloy steel pipe, each column joint is welded symmetrically by two people, and the welding direction is from the middle to the two sides. After welding one to three layers, reverse planing should be carried out. After the carbon arc gouging is used, the welding equipment needs to be polished. The welding surface should be nitridation treated to show the metal texture and prevent the surface carbonization from causing cracks. The outer hole is welded once, and the remaining inner holes are welded once.
2. When welding alloy steel pipes with two layers, the welding direction should be opposite to that of the layer of alloy steel pipes. The butt welds of each layer are separated by 15 to 20mm.
3. The welding current, welding speed and number of overlapping layers of multiple welding machines should be maintained.
4. In welding, you must start welding from the pilot arc board and finish welding on the pilot arc board. Cut, polish and clean after welding.
Quenching and tempering after welding
After the seam are welded, it should be tempered within 12 hours. If the alloy steel pipe cannot be quenched and tempered immediately, heat preservation and slow cooling should be adopted. When the alloy steel pipe is tempered, temperatures of the two thermal resistances should be measured and the thermal resistance should be welded on both sides of the seam.

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